The Complete Guide to the Choquequirao Trek

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Discover the wonders of Choquequirao with this comprehensive trek guide. From the reasons to visit, what to pack, the best time to go, a detailed itinerary, and more, this guide has you covered.

Choquequirao, known as the Jewel of the Andes, is an extraordinary Inca settlement and the sister city of Machu Picchu. While the trek to reach Choquequirao is moderately challenging, the breathtaking ruins at the end make it a truly rewarding experience.

This guide provides valuable insights into the historical significance of Choquequirao, which rivals the fame of Machu Picchu. It highlights why embarking on this remarkable hike and exploring the historical ruins is a must-do. If you’re eager to take on this incredible adventure and delve into the ruins’ history, simply fill out our Traveller Form, and our Travel Advisors will include it in your itinerary.

Overview of Choquequirao

During this trek, you’ll traverse the semi-tropical Andean forests, transitioning from the Andean altiplano to the lush high jungle, until you finally arrive at the awe-inspiring Choquequirao Ruins. Due to its remote location, which requires a two-day hike, Choquequirao receives only a fraction of the visitors compared to Machu Picchu. It’s not uncommon to find yourself alone on the site, as opposed to the nearly one million annual visitors at Machu Picchu.

This guide aims to assist you in planning and preparing for your journey to the magnificent Choquequirao ruins, ensuring you have all the necessary information before embarking on the challenging trek. The ruins boast remarkable features such as the famous llama rocks, ancient designs found nowhere else in Inca architecture. The reason behind this unique feature remains uncertain, with experts suggesting it might be a tradition inherited from earlier civilizations like the Chachapoyas, who once inhabited the area. By completing this trek, you’ll join the privileged few who have witnessed these enigmatic terraces firsthand.

Getting to Choquequirao

Upon arriving in Cusco, the trailhead to Choquequirao can only be reached by charter bus or private vehicle. Trekking is the sole means of access to Choquequirao, and it’s no easy feat. It is highly recommended to hire a guide and a few pack mules to carry extra supplies. The journey entails approximately 2 days of full hiking to reach the archaeological site, with a total of 4 days to complete the trip. The campsites along the route are well-maintained, offering facilities not commonly found on other Andean trails. Each campsite provides running water, showers, toilet blocks, and even small shops selling snacks and drinks.

Best Time to Go

The optimal time for the Choquequirao trek is between May and September, which corresponds to the dry season in the Andes and offers more predictable weather. During the rainy season from October to April, the trail is often closed due to unsafe conditions and heavy rainfall.

Difficulty of the Choquequirao Trek

The trek to Choquequirao is not suitable for the average hiker. The trail involves a steep ascent from the valley floor to the crest of the mountains, passing through high cloud forests that conceal Choquequirao. To navigate the steep incline, the trail utilizes a series of zigzagging turns, although the ascent remains challenging. Fortunately, the final stretch of the trail leading to the stone gates of Choquequirao is relatively level.

While the journey poses difficulties, setting foot on the fully-restored central plaza of the site for the first time will undoubtedly affirm that the effort was worthwhile. Moreover, it’s highly likely that you’ll have the Choquequirao ruins to yourself, as few others will be present during your visit.

Guided vs. Independent Trekking

While it is possible to complete the Choquequirao trek without a guide with adequate preparation, it is strongly recommended to book a trail guide for reliable transportation to and from the trailhead. Having a guide also offers the advantage of their historical knowledge regarding the purpose and significance of the ruins, as well as insights into Inca life. Peru for Less provides a comprehensive Choquequirao Trekking package, which includes:

  • Private transportation to and from the trailhead
  • English-speaking guide
  • Cook and cooking equipment
  • All meals on the trek
  • Snacks
  • Cooking, eating, and bathroom tents
  • Two-person tents
  • Mule-handlers and mules
  • Saddled horse (one horse for every six persons)
  • First-aid kit and emergency oxygen bottle

Altitude Sickness

Altitude sickness (AMS) can be a serious concern when exerting oneself at high altitudes. It affects approximately 20% of people at 8,000 feet and 40% of people at 10,000 feet. Given that elevations on the Choquequirao trek reach as high as 10,100 ft, it is highly likely that some form of altitude sickness may be experienced. To mitigate its effects, proper acclimatization, taking one’s time on the trail, and implementing preventive measures are crucial.

Recommendations for combating acute mountain sickness include acclimatizing in the Andes for 48-72 hours, consuming a light and high-calorie diet, staying hydrated, avoiding smoking and alcohol, pacing oneself on the hike, and taking breaks as needed. It may also be advisable to consult a healthcare provider for anti-altitude sickness medication. Additionally, chewing coca leaves, drinking coca tea, or consuming coca candies, which are traditional remedies in the Andean region, can help alleviate AMS symptoms.

History

Choquequirao, meaning “Cradle of Gold” in the Quechua language, is believed to have served as the administrative and military capital of the Vilcabamba region. During its final years, Choquequirao became a crucial defensive stronghold for the Incas as they resisted the Spanish conquest, retreating from their strongholds in Cusco and the Sacred Valley towards the jungle.

The Choquequirao trek is renowned as the “sister city of Machu Picchu.” Furthermore, its unique characteristic lies in its location, bordered by both the Andes and the Amazon, making it one of Peru’s most distinct ruins. Construction of Choquequirao is estimated to have begun around 1536. Experts hypothesize that the city served as one of the last refuges for the Incas after the Spanish conquest.

Travel Tips For those seeking adventure and breathtaking natural landscapes, the ruins of Choquequirao are a must-visit! Remember to pack reliable waterproof gear, as the weather can be unpredictable depending on the season. Keep in mind that the ruins are situated at an altitude of 2600 meters, so the trek is recommended for individuals who consider themselves relatively fit.

Packing List Here is a list of items ranked from most to least important. Additionally, consult a Travel Advisor for more detailed information on what to bring.

  1. Backpack
  2. Appropriate hiking attire
  3. Proper footwear
  4. Sleeping bag
  5. Toiletries
  6. Mosquito repellent and sunscreen
  7. Camelback or water bottles
  8. Flip-flops (for the showers)
  9. Sunglasses
  10. Camera and extra batteries

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